Literally, Adverbs can be understood as addition to Verbs and more. They answer questions like, how? where? when? why? To which degree? Under what terms or condition? In which or what way? etc.
So, what are Adverbs then?
Adverbs are a part of speech which describe, modify and give more information about verbs, adjectives or adverbs themselves. Adverbs can be placed anywhere in a sentence. The position of Adverb is very crucial if there is more than one verb in a sentence.
We should do our every work honestly.
I don’t trust anyone blindly.
How can Adverbs be used?
Adverbs can be used as Amplifiers, Down toners and Emphasizers. As Amplifiers Adverbs add intensity with words like totally, really etc. As Down toners, Adverbs help to lessen the effect of modified verbs, adjectives or Adverbs. And finally, as Emphasizers, Adverbs help to give stress or put extra weight to explain something.
I nearly slapped him.(used as Down toner)
He is really an honest man. (used as Emphasizers)
How many types of Adverbs are there?
Adverbs have been categorized in different ways. Here, we have divided Adverbs into four types. They are:
- Adverbs of Time
- Adverbs of Manner
- Adverbs of Place
- Adverbs of Purpose
Adverbs of Time are a type among four types of Adverbs. Adverbs of time are those words which answer the question When.
Adverbs of manner describe verbs and make them more specific. Adverbs of manner answer the question how? Adverbs of manner are often formed by adding -ly or -ily to the Adjectives.
Adverbs of Place are those adverbs which indicate the location, direction and distance of action which takes place. Adverbs of place are generally placed after main verb in a sentence.
Adverbs of Purpose also known as Adverbs of reasons which are words those express the reason or an aim (target) of an action. Adverbs of purpose may be in the form of an individual word or in the form of clauses (group of words).
What is an Adverbial or an Adverbial Clause?
Adverbial is a word (Adverb) whereas Adverbial Clause is a group of words which explain something about a verb or a sentence.
There are four types of Adverbials. They are Adjunct, Disjunct, Conjunct and Adverbial Complements.
Adjunct is a part of the main meaning of a sentence. However, it is not obligatory because even if it is not used, the sentence would still be meaningful.
Conjunct on the other hand help to connect two sentences together.
Disjunct help to express view about what is being said.
And lastly, Adverbial Complements are obligatory adverbials which when removed leave sentence grammatically incorrect or meaningless.