Demonstrative Pronouns and Relative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns

Demonstrative Pronouns are one among the seven types of pronouns.

The word Demonstrative itself gives us an idea that it is related to showing or stating the position or situation of animals, objects or ideas. Demonstrative Pronouns are those words which specify nouns or pronouns, and can be either singular or plural.

Demonstrative Pronouns in English are:

This

  • This is stupid.
  • Is this mine?

That

  • That is awesome.
  • Did you see that?

These

  • These are pretty.
  • These belong to him.

Those

  • Are those yours?
  • Those are nicer compared to these.

Such

  • Such a disgrace!
  • Such an achievement!

Difference between Demonstrative Pronouns and Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative Pronouns and Demonstrative Adjectives are the same set of words. However, there is a difference in their use.

Demonstrative Pronouns Demonstrative Adjectives
Demonstrative Pronouns are always used before verb or by themselves. Demonstrative Adjectives are used before nouns.
Example: Those are pretty.  Those shoes are pretty.

Demonstrative Pronouns specify nouns and we often add ‘one’ to these pronouns. For Example: This one, that one etc.

Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns are also one among the seven types of pronouns. Relative pronouns are those words which help in relating. Relative Pronouns are pronouns which that describe nouns. These nouns can be in the form of words, clause or part of sentence. Relative Pronouns can be either singular or plural.

Relative Pronouns in English are:

Who    

Used mostly for people(collective groups)   

  • The boys who disturbed the class were put in detention by their teacher.
  • The woman who pushed me was fierce.

Which 

Used mostly for things

  • I ate strawberry pie, which is my favorite dessert.
  • He played football all day long, which was his favorite game.

That     

Used for both things and people, that is more preferable to which

  • The dress that I bought is of blue color.
  • I designed a dress that was worn by the popular actress.

Whose 

Used for people and things

  • He is harry, whose sister is a national swimmer.
  • She is a poor woman, whose son has been struggling with drugs addiction.

Whom  

Used for people (often with preposition)

  • Catherine is my friend with whom I went to swimming.
  • She is a model whom I idolized in my childhood.

Expanded forms of Relative Pronouns

There are expanded forms of relative pronouns. Expanded forms are made by adding –ever.

They are as follows:

1.Whoever-   Whoever wants to speak should come in the front.

2.Whichever- Whichever way you decide to go, I am with you.

3.Whomever- Whomever you choose, make sure you think wisely.