Future Perfect Tense

Future Perfect Tense is one of the 4 sub-tenses of Future Tense. Simple Past tense refers to completed actions in the future. This tense is formed with the combination of “will” + “have” + the past participle of the verb. It can be differentiated from other sub-tenses through understanding of their structure.

future perfect tense timeline

The structures of the Future Perfect Tense with examples are as follows:

1. Sub + shall/will + have + v3 + obj. (Affirmative i.e.  Positive Sentences)

For Example:

  • My father will have cooked dinner.
  • She will have finished the assignment tomorrow.

2. Sub + shall/will + not + have + v3 + obj. (Negative Sentences)

For Example:

  • My father will not have cooked dinner.
  • She will not have finished the assignment tomorrow.

3. Shall/Will + sub + have + v3 + obj? (Positive Interrogative)

For Example:

  • Will my father have cooked dinner?
  • Will she have finished the assignment tomorrow?

4. Shall/will + sub + not + have + v3 + obj? (Negative Interrogative)

For Example:

  • Will my father not have cooked dinner?
  • Will she not have finished the assignment tomorrow?

5. Wh-word + shall/will + sub + have + v3 + obj? (Wh- Question)

For Example:

  • What will my father have cooked?
  • When will she have finished the assignment?

Where Future Perfect Tense is used?

future perfect tense usage

Future Perfect Tense is used with actions/events which will occur before a specified time In the future.

  1. He will have achieved success by 2020.
  2. They will have reached Australia by Sunday.
  3. We will have built house by next month.
  4. My father will have exercised by 8 o’clock.
  5. I will have finished painting.

Future Perfect Tense is used to express certainty over the occurrence of events/actions in the future.

  1. The teacher will have started the class.
  2. Harry will have reached the hospital till evening.
  3. I will have gradated by next year.
  4. The train will have left by now.
  5. He will have proposed her on August.

Future Perfect Tense is used with time expression i.e. By/before + point in time/in + period of time structure.

  1. He will have completed an M.B.A. course in two years.
  2. By 2018, players will have learnt new rules and regulations.
  3. My friend will have married by now.
  4. Harriet will have played international matches by now next year.
  5. She will have apologized for her insensitive behavior by now next week.